Fundamentals of Criminal Law
It is possible for you to make yourself conversant with criminal justice through a couple of sources. These sources will often give you a snippet of what criminal law is all about. It is however evident that you will barely get the finer details about all these through these sources. There are a number of aspects that you will be expected to take int account. Such will time and again consist of the following.
Criminal law comes about after the society chooses to prohibit given actions. These actions carry varying weights. It is expected of these laws to come in handy in addressing these societal problems since they might subject a good number of citizens to danger. This is to say that they can wipe away the whole society in the long run. The suspect will be tasked with paying a predefined fine or face imprisonment. This will time and again be as per the situation. For this punishment to be effective, you will realize that a guilty verdict must be taken into account. Criminal laws are often set by the state, federal and local government legislatures. The criminal justice system is basically the entire justice apparatus from the start to the end. This system is made of the police, lawyers, judges, probation officers and various other relevant parties. There are a number of rights that the citizens will enjoy during this particular process. This is what will make sure that they are cushioned from undeserved prosecution. With these rights, there will often be balance between your freedom and what the government is after.
It is important for you to understand how criminal cases work. You will find that criminal justice cases can unfold in different ways. Different aspects dictate how this unfolding goes. This will time and again be determined by the magnitude of the crime and the evidence at their disposal. The strategy of the prosecution will also be important. There are various ways that this case will end. There is room for the case to end up without any arrest. You will also witness that it is possible for a plea to be taken. There is still a chance for this case to face dismissal. This is mostly after gaining evidence illegally. You will also realize that compoundable offences do exist. This is where the prosecutor drops a case for a given compromise.
Criminal charges will often be categorized into felonies as well as misdemeanor. Misdemeanors are often characterized by a penalty of less than a year in jail. Felonies are often taken more seriously. This is to say that more than a year in prison will be expected. In fact, you might not lead a normal life after this.